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This training program will offer participants an understanding of the payroll tax and compliance implications of conducting business within a state. The course will also help determine which state(s) to withhold for when states that have reciprocal agreements or no state income tax are involved.


  • Understand nexus and how employment within a state may create nexus for an employer.
  • Understand the payroll tax and compliance implications of conducting business within a state.
  • Determine which state(s) to withhold for when employees work in multiple states under the general rule.
  • Determine which state(s) to withhold for when states that have reciprocal agreements or no state income tax are involved.
  • Know when state or local withholding certificates or certificates of non-residency are required.
  • Determine which state is the state unemployment tax state when an employee works in more than one state.
  • Understand that state rules differ about taxable income, withholding thresholds, wage reporting and fringe benefits.
  • Learn how to avoid failure to withhold penalties.


There are significant compliance issues for employers when employees cross state lines during employment. Frequently, multi-state employment issues arise when the employer has business locations in more than one state. However, issues also arise when individual employees perform services in more than one state, live in one state and work in another, move from one state to another, or telecommute across state lines.

Compliance issues directly related to payroll include identification of the states for which the business is liable for the collection and payment of income tax, and compliance with the rules for each state regarding tax collection, payment and reporting. In addition, special rules are used to establish the state that is to receive the unemployment tax for a particular employee. A very significant non-payroll issue is whether the employment creates nexus, i.e. a business presence, within a particular state and whether the employer is subject to that state’s income, franchise, sales and use, or other state business taxes imposed by the state and the related apportionment issues.


  • Reciprocal agreements and how they affect state income tax withholding
  • Employee domicile and tax residency
  • State and local withholding certificates - when the federal W-4 isn't enough
  • How different states deal differently with supplemental wages
  • How to handle state unemployment when employees work in several states
  • SUTA dumping - what it is and how to avoid this penalty trap
  • Which states get withholding tax proceeds when employees work in multiple states
  • Fringe benefit taxation - which states differ from federal rules
  • The payroll tax implications of conducting business in a state
  • How to determine the states for which you must withhold tax
  • Special rules for military spouses
  • Telecommuting


  • Payroll Supervisors and Personnel
  • Payroll Consultants
  • Payroll Service Providers
  • Public Accountants
  • Internal Auditors
  • Tax Compliance Officers
  • Enrolled Agents
  • Employee Benefits Administrators
  • Officers and Managers with Payroll or Tax Compliance Oversight
  • Company / Business Owners
  • Managers / Supervisors
  • Public Agency Managers
  • Audit and Compliance Personnel / Risk Managers


Patrick Haggerty is a tax practitioner, author, and educator. His work experience includes non-profit organization management, banking, manufacturing accounting, and tax practice. He began teaching accounting at the college level in 1988. He is licensed as an Enrolled Agent by the U. S. Treasury to represent taxpayers at all administrative levels of the IRS and is a Certified Management Accountant. He has written numerous articles and a monthly question and answer column for payroll publications. In addition, he regularly develops and presents webinars and presentations on a variety of topics including Payroll tax issues, FLSA compliance, information returns, and accounting.

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